نوع مقاله : مقاله مستقل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری دانشگاه یزد، یزد، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، دانشگاه تبریز،تبریز، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی شخصیت، دانشگاه دزفول، دزفول، ایران

4 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه نکا، نکا، ایران

چکیده

پیداکردن راهی برای مقاوم­کردن جوامع و افراد برای مقابله با بلایای طبیعی، ضرورت تعریف و ارزیابی تاب­آوری در حوزه سوانح طبیعی را دوچندان کرده­است. هدف از این پژوهش، ارزیابی مولفه­های تاب­آوری اجتماعی و اقتصادی شهر زلزله­زده بم بوده­است. این پژوهش، از نوع کاربردی است که با استفاده از روش توصیفی- تحلیلی به ارزیابی مولفه­های تاب­آوری اجتماعی و اقتصادی شهر زلزله­زده بم پرداخته­است. با توجه به ناهمگن­بودن جامعه و واحد­های نمونه­گیری، از روش نمونه­گیری چند مرحله­ای، استفاده شد. حجم نمونه در این تحقیق، با استفاده از فرمول کوکران، 330 خانوار تعیین شدهاست. جهت تجزبه و تحلیل داده­ها، از آزمون­های آمار توصیفی و تحلیلی از جمله تی تک­نمونه­ای و رگرسیون خطی چندگانه، استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که خانوارهای ساکن در شهر بم، از نظر مولفه­های میزان دانش و مهارت در سطح نامطلوب و از حیث مولفه­های آگاهی، نگرش و سرمایه اجتماعی در سطح مطلوبی قراردارند. در مجموع، بعد تاب­آوری اجتماعی از سطح مطلوبی برخودار بوده­است. از حیث وضعیت تاب­آوری اقتصادی و مولفه­های سه­گانه آن شامل: میزان و شدت خسارت، توانایی جبران خسارت و بازگشت به شرایط شغلی و مالی مناسب، در وضعیت نسبتا بد و نامطلوبی قراردارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

The evaluation of the social and economic resilience components in the quake-stricken city of Bam

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Bastami Nia 1
  • Davod Hatami 2
  • Atefeh karimi 3
  • Mahshid Karimzadeh 4

1 PhD in Geography and Urban Planning, Yazd University, Iran

2 PhD student in Geography and Urban Planning, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

3 Master of Personality Psychology, University,Dezful , Dezful, Iran

4 MA of Clinical PsychologyوNeka University, Neka, Iran

چکیده [English]

Finding a way to empower communities and individuals to resist against natural disasters has increased a necessity of defining and evaluating disaster resilience. Aim of this study is to evaluate the components of social and economic resilience of the earthquake-stricken city of Bam, which was struck by a devastating earthquake in 2003. Based on the goal, research method is applied, and descriptive-analytic method is used to evaluate the components of social and economic resilience of the earthquake-stricken of the city. Due to the heterogeneity of the population and sampling units, multi-stage sampling method was used. The sample size in this study, using the Cochran's formula, was determined to be 330 households. Statistical tests including one-sample t-test and multiple linear regression were used to analyze the data. The results show that households dwelled in Bam are at an undesirable condition in area of components of knowledge and skills, and desirable condition in terms of components of Components of awareness, attitude and social capital. Overall, the social resilience dimension has been reported at a desirable level. But, In term of economic resilience and its three components, 1) the amount and severity of damage, 2)the ability to compensate and 3)return to appropriate employment and financial conditions, the situation is relatively unfavorable.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Resilience
  • Social Resilience
  • Economic resilience
  • earthquake
  • Bam
 
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